Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) and Uveitis

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with Dr. Raphael Rosenbaum

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) or Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most commonly identifiable cause of uveitis in the pediatric population.  Chronic eye inflammation or Iritis can occur in up to 20% of children diagnosed with JIA.  Unfortunalty the diagnosis of iritis in children is often missed and the blurry vision and red eye is  commonly misdiagnosed as a simple change in glasses prescription or an episode of eye allergies.  As a result children diagnosed with JIA should see an ophthalmologist on a regular interval.  Complications from JIA include premature cataract formation, glaucomatous optic neuropathy and corneal decompensation.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is more common in young girls and is often diagnosed before the age of 6.  Lab testing is often done to support the diagnosis.  These patients are often noted to have  negative rheumatoid factor but a positive anti-nuclear antibody titers.


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