Diabetes and Eye Care

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with Dr. Raphael Rosenbaum

Did you know that Diabetes effects over 23 million people in the USA with an additional 57 million people that have prediabetic symptoms.  Due to its extensive prevalence it is the leading cause of blindness in the USA adult population.

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Patients and Physicians often assume incorrectly that diabetes can only effect the back of the eye via diabetic retinopathy, in truth diabetes can effect almost every structure of the eye.

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Besides proliferative and non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy,  diabetics are at an increased risk for blepharitis and ensuing dry eye syndrome.  They are also at an increased risk to develop xanthalasma.  These same patients have been found to have an increased incidence of conjunctivitis or “pink eye.”  Patients with Diabetes Mellitus  often develop extensive microvascular disease as a result they often suffer from corneal neuropathy leading to an increased incidence of corneal abrasions and contact lens related complications as well as miotic pupils, more pronounced after cataract surgery.  Abnormal new blood vessels can grow in the anterior chamber and on the Iris leading to the development of neovascular and angle closure glaucoma.  Iritis and anterior uveitis have been noted at a higher prevalence in diabetic patients.  Reversible lens induced vision changes have been attributed to large fluctuations in a patients blood sugars with an associated increased in cataract formation. Diabetics have also been found to have increased rates of serious eye infections including endophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis.  In regard cranial neuropathies diabetes can effect any of the cranial nerves, from the optic nerve that controls vision to the motor nerves that control ocular alignment.

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If you or a family member suffers from Diabetes make an appointment to see one of our Ophthalmologists,  Jacob D. Rosenbaum, M.D. or Raphael E. Rosenbaum, M.D.  at Eye Surgeons of NYC.

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